Difference between revisions of "Plants"

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Freegling plants is great, but there are some invasive species that should not be allowed to be spread.
 
Freegling plants is great, but there are some invasive species that should not be allowed to be spread.
 +
After conversations on Central in June 2022 (https://discourse.ilovefreegle.org/t/plants-specifically-tree-sapling-queries/5096), we reviewed the content of this page and concluded we do need to be careful about some specific plants, although tree saplings and trees are not illegal to give away.
 +
 
https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=530 has some good information.
 
https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=530 has some good information.
 
Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) there are nearly 40 plants that are banned from being shared or propagated, the most common are:
 
Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) there are nearly 40 plants that are banned from being shared or propagated, the most common are:
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Bamboo-like stems shoot to over 2.1m (7ft), suppressing all other growth.  Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 includes Japanese knotweed and other invasive non-native plants.  
 
Bamboo-like stems shoot to over 2.1m (7ft), suppressing all other growth.  Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 includes Japanese knotweed and other invasive non-native plants.  
  
The full list (at 2019) is:
+
==== The full list of banned plants in EU, England & Wales (EW) and Northern Ireland (NI) are ====
*Acacia saligna (Acacia cyanophylla)/
+
*Acacia saligna (golden wreath wattle) EU
Golden wreath wattle
+
*Acaena spp. (pirri-pirri bur) NI
*Ailanthus altissima/Tree of heaven
+
*Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) EU
*Alternanthera philoxeroides/Alligator weed
+
*Allium paradoxum (few-flowered leek) EW, NI
*Andropogon virginicus/Broomsedge bluestem
+
*Allium triquetrum (three-cornered garlic) EW
*Asclepias syriaca/Common milkweed
+
*Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) EU
*Baccharis halimifolia/Eastern baccharis
+
*Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge) EU
*Cabomba caroliniana/Fanwort
+
*Arundo donax (giant reed) NI
*Cardiospermum grandiflorum/Balloon vine
+
*Asclepias syriaca (milkweed) EU
*Cortaderia jubata/Purple pampas grass
+
*Azolla filiculoides (water fern) EW, NI, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
*Eichhornia crassipes/Water hyacinth
+
*Baccharis halmifolia (tree groundsel) EU
*Elodea nuttallii/Nuttall's waterweed
+
*Cabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort, water shield) EU
*Ehrharta calycina/Perrenial veldt grass
+
*Cardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) EU
*Gunnera tinctoria/Chilean rhubarb
+
*Carpobrotus edulis (Hottentot fig) EW, NI
*Gymnocoronis spilanthoides/Senegal tea plant
+
*Cortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) EU
*Heracleum mantegazzianum/Giant hogweed
+
*Cotoneaster bullatus (cotoneaster, hollyberry) EW
*Heracleum persicum/Persian hogweed
+
*Cotoneaster horizontalis (cotoneaster) EW
*Heracleum sosnowskyi/Sosnowsky's hogweed
+
*Cotoneaster integrifolius (entire-leaved cotoneaster) EW
*Humulus scandens/Japanese hop
+
*Cotoneaster microphyllus (small-leaved cotoneaster) EW
*Hydrocotyle ranunculoides/Floating pennywort
+
*Cotoneaster simonsii (Himalayan cotoneaster) EW
*Impatiens glandulifera/Himalayan balsam
+
*Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop, New Zealand pygmyweed) EW, NI, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
*Lagarosiphon major/Curly waterweed
+
*Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora (montbretia) EW
*Lespedeza cuneata (Lespedeza juncea var. sericea)/Chinese bushclover
+
*Diphysma crassifolium (purple dewplant) EW
*Ludwigia grandiflora/Water-primrose
+
*Egeria densa (large flowered waterweed) NI
*Ludwigia peploides/Floating primrose-willow
+
*Ehrharta calycina (purple veldgrass) EU
*Lygodium japonicum/Vine-like fern
+
*Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) EU
*Lysichiton americanus/American skunk cabbage
+
*Elodea nuttallii (Nuttall’s water weed) EU
*Microstegium vimineum/Japanese stiltgrass
+
*Elodea spp. (waterweeds) EW, NI
*Myriophyllum aquaticum/Parrot's feather
+
*Fallopia japonica (RHS accepted name Reynoutria japonica) (Japanese knotweed) EW, NI
*Myriophyllum heterophyllum/Broadleaf watermilfoil
+
*Fallopia japonica × Fallopia sachalinensis [F. × bohemica] (hybrid knotweed) EW, NI
*Parthenium hysterophorus/Whitetop weed
+
*Fallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) EW, NI
*Pennisetum setaceum/Crimson fountaingrass
+
*Gunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) EU
*Persicaria perfoliata/Asiatic tearthumb
+
*Gymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea) EU
*Prosopis juliflora/Mesquite
+
*Hippophae rhamnoides (sea buckthorn) NI
*Pueraria lobata/Kudzu vine
+
*Hyacinthoides hispanica (Spanish bluebell) NI
*Salvinia molesta (Salvinia adnata)/Salvinia moss
+
*Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) EW, NI,Banned from sale in UK since 2014
*Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum)/Chinese tallow
+
*Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) EU
 +
*Heracleum persicum (giant hogweed, Tromsø palm) EU
 +
*Heracleum sosnowskyi (giant hogweed) EU
 +
*Humulus scandens (Japanese hop) EU
 +
*Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) EU
 +
*Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) EU
 +
*Lagarosiphon major (curly waterweed) EU
 +
*Lamiastrum galeobdolon subsp. argentatum (RHS accepted name Lamium galeobdolon 'Florentinum') (variegated yellow archangel) EW
 +
*Lespedeza cuneata (Chinese shrub clover) EU
 +
*Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) NI
 +
*Ludwigia grandiflora (water primrose) EU, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
 +
*Ludwigia peploides (floating water primrose) EU, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
  
  
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'''[Updated Legislation from Gov.uk]''':
 
'''[Updated Legislation from Gov.uk]''':
  
ANNEX 13List of plants, plant products and other objects for which a UK plant passport is required for their movement within Great Britain or for their introduction into Great Britain from a CD territory.   
+
ANNEX 13 List of plants, plant products and other objects for which a UK plant passport is required for their movement within Great Britain or for their introduction into Great Britain from a CD territory.   
 
Includes many things but specifically ‘Plants of Abies Mill., Larix Mill., Picea A. Dietr., Pinus L. and Pseudotsuga Carr over three metres in height, including felled or fallen trees, other than fruit, seeds, leaves or foliage.
 
Includes many things but specifically ‘Plants of Abies Mill., Larix Mill., Picea A. Dietr., Pinus L. and Pseudotsuga Carr over three metres in height, including felled or fallen trees, other than fruit, seeds, leaves or foliage.
  
 +
====Threatened Plants====
 +
 +
There are also threatened plants that freegling can help, for instance:
  
 +
'''Marsh Marigold''' in particular has the "Status: Amber - Vulnerable and Near-Threatened"  (from the Plantlife website:-http://www.plantlife.org.uk/uk/discover-wild-plants-nature/plant-fungi-species/marsh-marigold)
  
 +
'''British Bluebells''' are threatened by the invasion of Spanish Bluebells.  Although Spanish ones are not illegal to exchange or sell, it is recommended that they are kept away from rural gardens and woodlands to preserve the British bluebells.  A discussion on Central in November 2022 gives some insight - https://discourse.ilovefreegle.org/t/spanish-bluebells/5653
  
There are also threatened plants that freegling helps, for instance Marsh Marigold in particular has the "Status: Amber - Vulnerable and Near-Threatened"  (from the Plantlife website:-http://www.plantlife.org.uk/uk/discover-wild-plants-nature/plant-fungi-species/marsh-marigold)
 
  
  
 
Back to [[Specific Items]]
 
Back to [[Specific Items]]
 
[[category:Specific Items]]
 
[[category:Specific Items]]

Latest revision as of 15:28, 21 November 2022

Freegling plants is great, but there are some invasive species that should not be allowed to be spread. After conversations on Central in June 2022 (https://discourse.ilovefreegle.org/t/plants-specifically-tree-sapling-queries/5096), we reviewed the content of this page and concluded we do need to be careful about some specific plants, although tree saplings and trees are not illegal to give away.

https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=530 has some good information. Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) there are nearly 40 plants that are banned from being shared or propagated, the most common are:

Yellow Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)

The sale or exchange, or export in any living form from your garden including the spread into neighbouring gardens of Yellow Skunk Cabbage [Lysichiton americanus] was prohibited as an invasive alien plant under the EU Regulations in March 2016.

From the RHS website :-https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=1209 "From March 2016 The EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species will prohibit the sale and exchange of this species. Gardeners who already have it in their gardens must ensure it does not spread further.

A suggestion to kill the plant is and allow it to then be disposed of as organic matter is to simply place it in a doubled bin bag (or as many as necessary) sealed with an air excluding knot and leave it to rot for a year or so. Taking it to the recycling alive would be an offence and risk spreading it further.

Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)

A close relative of cow parsley, it can reach over 3m (10ft) in height. It is potentially invasive and the sap can cause severe skin burns. It is widely distributed in the wild and poses a serious risk to people who are unaware of its potential for harm.

Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica)

Bamboo-like stems shoot to over 2.1m (7ft), suppressing all other growth. Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 includes Japanese knotweed and other invasive non-native plants.

The full list of banned plants in EU, England & Wales (EW) and Northern Ireland (NI) are

  • Acacia saligna (golden wreath wattle) EU
  • Acaena spp. (pirri-pirri bur) NI
  • Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) EU
  • Allium paradoxum (few-flowered leek) EW, NI
  • Allium triquetrum (three-cornered garlic) EW
  • Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) EU
  • Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge) EU
  • Arundo donax (giant reed) NI
  • Asclepias syriaca (milkweed) EU
  • Azolla filiculoides (water fern) EW, NI, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
  • Baccharis halmifolia (tree groundsel) EU
  • Cabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort, water shield) EU
  • Cardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) EU
  • Carpobrotus edulis (Hottentot fig) EW, NI
  • Cortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) EU
  • Cotoneaster bullatus (cotoneaster, hollyberry) EW
  • Cotoneaster horizontalis (cotoneaster) EW
  • Cotoneaster integrifolius (entire-leaved cotoneaster) EW
  • Cotoneaster microphyllus (small-leaved cotoneaster) EW
  • Cotoneaster simonsii (Himalayan cotoneaster) EW
  • Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop, New Zealand pygmyweed) EW, NI, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
  • Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora (montbretia) EW
  • Diphysma crassifolium (purple dewplant) EW
  • Egeria densa (large flowered waterweed) NI
  • Ehrharta calycina (purple veldgrass) EU
  • Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) EU
  • Elodea nuttallii (Nuttall’s water weed) EU
  • Elodea spp. (waterweeds) EW, NI
  • Fallopia japonica (RHS accepted name Reynoutria japonica) (Japanese knotweed) EW, NI
  • Fallopia japonica × Fallopia sachalinensis [F. × bohemica] (hybrid knotweed) EW, NI
  • Fallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) EW, NI
  • Gunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) EU
  • Gymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea) EU
  • Hippophae rhamnoides (sea buckthorn) NI
  • Hyacinthoides hispanica (Spanish bluebell) NI
  • Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) EW, NI,Banned from sale in UK since 2014
  • Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) EU
  • Heracleum persicum (giant hogweed, Tromsø palm) EU
  • Heracleum sosnowskyi (giant hogweed) EU
  • Humulus scandens (Japanese hop) EU
  • Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) EU
  • Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) EU
  • Lagarosiphon major (curly waterweed) EU
  • Lamiastrum galeobdolon subsp. argentatum (RHS accepted name Lamium galeobdolon 'Florentinum') (variegated yellow archangel) EW
  • Lespedeza cuneata (Chinese shrub clover) EU
  • Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) NI
  • Ludwigia grandiflora (water primrose) EU, Banned from sale in UK since 2014
  • Ludwigia peploides (floating water primrose) EU, Banned from sale in UK since 2014


From Gov.uk (Moving prohibited plants, plant pests, pathogens and soil - GOV.UK:

You must have a licence to import, move or keep any plants, parts of plants or seeds listed in Schedule 6 of the [Plant Health (EU Exit) Regulations 2020]([(The Plant Health (Phytosanitary Conditions) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020)The Plant Health (Phytosanitary Conditions) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020]


[Updated Legislation from Gov.uk]:

ANNEX 13 List of plants, plant products and other objects for which a UK plant passport is required for their movement within Great Britain or for their introduction into Great Britain from a CD territory. Includes many things but specifically ‘Plants of Abies Mill., Larix Mill., Picea A. Dietr., Pinus L. and Pseudotsuga Carr over three metres in height, including felled or fallen trees, other than fruit, seeds, leaves or foliage.

Threatened Plants

There are also threatened plants that freegling can help, for instance:

Marsh Marigold in particular has the "Status: Amber - Vulnerable and Near-Threatened" (from the Plantlife website:-http://www.plantlife.org.uk/uk/discover-wild-plants-nature/plant-fungi-species/marsh-marigold)

British Bluebells are threatened by the invasion of Spanish Bluebells. Although Spanish ones are not illegal to exchange or sell, it is recommended that they are kept away from rural gardens and woodlands to preserve the British bluebells. A discussion on Central in November 2022 gives some insight - https://discourse.ilovefreegle.org/t/spanish-bluebells/5653


Back to Specific Items